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In the agreement of Singer (1989), this division socialdo work is possible due to specialization of the diverse groups in execuodas distinct tasks, all contributing for the production and dedeterminada circulation amount of products, that can be good or services. Essaespecializao of the work, allied mechanization, aumentandoconsideravelmente finished the productivity it work, the profits of the bourgeoisie and alienao12 them productive forces. Thus, had to this diversificaoda social division of the work, also gets excited, the relations between osdiferentes spaces, if it intensifies the territorial division of trabalho13. The possibility of the especializaoprodutiva is created with the diffusion of the transports and the communications. The efficient meiosrpidos ones and of transport make possible the regions if to specialize, more not needing to produce everything for its subsistence.
The relaocidade-field, for example, already is not the same one, therefore, the paper of producer of benspara to supply the city, already it is not of exclusiveness of the field. The cidadeintensifica production for its proper consumption and also of the field. The meiourbano produces industrialized goods (cars, furniture, shoes, drinks, etc.) epresta services (public schools, distributions, hospitals, banks, etc.). Agricultural Omeio produces foods and raw materials for the industries. In this manner, they had also been modified, the relations between the neighboring spaces. Today, a city can keep relaesintensas with very distant others, exactly is of its country, secundarizando ointercmbio with its immediate neighbor. Therefore, on the basis of entendimentode Saints (1996): The improvement of the roads and dosveculos, the cheaper fuel meeting represent modernizations quepermitem the reduction of the costs. In general way, the price of the transport aumentamenos that of the too much factors of the production and reduction of the cost of the viagenspossibilita to the people to choose where to acquire goods and services, quefreqentemente go to search in more distant places, but where the preospraticados ones they offer attractive greaters (p.56).